What is Postpartum Depression? (2020)

What is Postpartum Depression

In this article, we will focus on what is postpartum depression, its symptoms, causes, risk factors, and how to prevent postpartum depression.

What is Postpartum Depression?

What is Postpartum Depression

The birth of a child can trigger various emotions, from impatience, and joy to concern and nervousness. However, it may additionally end in one thing you may not count on — depression.

Most new mothers experience baby blues after childbirth, which generally includes temper swings, crying spells, nervousness, and problem sleeping. Baby blues sometimes start within the first 2 to 3 days after childbirth, and will last for as much as two weeks. However, some new mothers experience an extra extreme, long-lasting type of depression referred to as postpartum depression.

If in case you have postpartum depression, immediate therapy may help you handle your signs and make it easier to bond together with your child.


The symptoms of Postpartum Depression may vary from mild to severe. The following are the symptoms-

  1. Depressed mood
  2. Avoiding family members and friends
  3. Extreme crying
  4. Unable to bond with your baby
  5. Eating too much
  6. Loss of appetite
  7. Sleeping too much
  8. Unable to sleep
  9. Feeling tired all the time
  10. Feeling hopeless
  11. Panic attacks
  12. Extreme anxiety
  13. Fear of not being a good mother
  14. Suicidal thoughts
  15. Thoughts of harming your baby


The physical and emotional factors are responsible for Postpartum Depression. The following are the causes:

Emotional factors

The following emotional factors may contribute to postpartum depression:

  • Lack of sleep
  • Difficulty in managing new baby
  • Tiredness after delivery
  • Stress due to increase in work
  • Feeling of not being a good mother
  • Unable to get self-time
  • Trying to become a perfect mother
  • Changes in body look

Physical factors

After childbirth, a lot of hormonal changes occur in the body. These hormonal changes trigger the symptoms of postpartum depression. 

During pregnancy, levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone are the highest. After childbirth within 24 hours, the levels of these hormones drop quickly to the pre-pregnancy levels. This sudden change in hormone levels triggers the postpartum depression.

Also, there may be a sudden drop in the level of thyroid hormones after childbirth. This sudden drop in thyroid hormones may cause symptoms of postpartum depression.

Risk Factors

Postpartum depression can be experienced by all new moms and it can show up not just for the first baby. Those women are at more risk if they have:

  • Bipolar Disorder
  • History of depression before pregnancy
  • Postpartum depression from previous pregnancy
  • Difficulty breast-feeding
  • Family members with depression history
  • Multiple childbirths
  • Relationship issues with partner
  • Unplanned or unwanted pregnancy
  • Baby with special needs
  • Financial issues


The following prevention strategies will help new mother prevent postpartum depression:


Try to make time for exercise. Women who do exercise during and after pregnancy are less prone to depression. You can take a small walk in park, enjoy watching nature and getting free and fresh air.

Join New Mother Groups

Joining groups including new mothers will help you know that you are not alone. Every new mother is facing the same as you are. This will help you to socialize and thereby reducing the chances of depression.

Ask for Help at Home

Ask your spouse, friends or family members to help you in managing household work or managing with your baby.

Talk to your Doctor

Talk to your doctor, if you are experiencing depression symptoms. Your doctor can suggest you with the best possible way to deal with it.


Here is all about what is postpartum depression and its causes, risk factors, symptoms, and preventive measures. Postpartum depression is real and you can recover from it by taking treatment. So, support new mothers so that they don’t end up in depression.

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This blog provides general information and discussions about health and related topics. The information and other content provided on this blog are not intended and should not be considered, or used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This blog does not advise, diagnose, or treat any medical, nursing, or other professional health services. We cannot diagnose the condition, provide secondary feedback, or make specific treatment recommendations through this blog or website. If you or anyone else has a medical concern, you should consult your healthcare provider or seek other professional medical treatment immediately.

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