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Influenza, also known as the flu, is a highly toxic and highly contagious disease caused by flu virus. You need to get flu treatment and complete rest before the condition gets complicated. The flu is a highly contagious respiratory illness that can be spread by coughing and sneezing of an infected person or by an infected person or if you come in close contact with or touch them. Flu viruses invade or attack your body through the respiratory tract. Many infected people recover and recover in 1 to 2 weeks, but fewer people develop severe and serious medical complications such as pneumonia.
They can spread before an infected person becomes aware of flu. There is no proper treatment for flu, but with the help of flu treatment, one can get relief from flu infection. Flu can be treated with the help of herbal remedies, homeopathic remedies and natural remedies.
Where does the Flu come from? How do We Catch the Flu?
The flu is spread from one person to another when a person is infected with the flu virus, coughing or sneezing and spreading the virus, or when a person comes in contact with objects contaminated with flu virus. You can transmit the virus to your body when you touch a surface, such as a virus-infected faucet handle, door handle or phone, and then touch your mouth, nose, or eyes. It is then clear that flu spreads easily and often affects members of the community at the same time.
The flu is caused by a strain of the influenza virus that affects both mammals and birds. Viruses change frequently. Thus, there are many different types of viruses and new ones should be worked on almost every year. That’s why the vaccine needs to be changed every year, and that’s why people keep getting flu for years. The virus persists and is a real threat to the transmission without proper health studies.
Who is most susceptible to the flu?
The most susceptible people to the flu are young children, as they have not been infected before, as well as the elderly and people with weakened immune systems, such as those with chronic illnesses. One of the most severe life-threatening effects of flu is pneumonia caused by extremely weakened immune systems, which can lead to death.
What are The Flu Symptoms? How long does it last?
Check for flu symptoms before you go for flu treatment. Some flu symptoms are similar to cold symptoms. Symptoms of runny nose, sore throat, cough are also found in colds and flu. The only symptoms found in a flu-infected person are:
- High temperatures: usually 100 F-103 F in adults and sometimes higher in children
- Trembling and sudden chills continue
- Severe headache
- Whole-body pain
- Fatigue, weakness
- Nausea, vomiting
Flu symptoms usually last for a week or two, but coughing and weakness can last a long time.
The Flu Virus Characteristics
The flu virus was first identified in the 1930s. Since then, scientists have begun to classify the flu virus into three categories: type A, type B, and type C. Flu viruses are sorted into different categories based on their protein composition.
- Type A or influenza A virus:
- This is the most common type of flu that strikes every year. Subtypes of influenza A virus are further divided into HA and NA, which are based on two surfaces of the virus.
- Currently, about 16 HA and 9 NA are known. Subtypes of the recent influenza A virus in humans are H1N1 and H3N2.
- Type A or influenza flu virus is found in humans and many different animals: Ducks – chickens – pigs – whales – horses – seals.
- Influenza A is the most dangerous of the two flu strains.
- Type B or Influenza B Virus:
- This type of flu virus usually travels around humans and is less severe than type influenza.
- Both type A and type B are responsible for seasonal flu outbreaks.
- This can be a serious health risk, but most cases are mild.
- Type B is no longer divided into subtypes or subcategories.
- Type C or influenza C virus:
- This type of flu virus is common and is found only in humans, pigs, and dogs.
- The type C or influenza C virus causes mild infections of the respiratory tract.
- People do not usually get very sick with the influenza type C virus.
There are various flu vaccines and shots available to protect you from type A and type B viruses. For the type of flu virus, no treatment or shots are available.
Who are at greater risk of getting infected by the flu virus?
People with severe illnesses, weakened immune systems, adults and children are at higher risk of exposure to the flu. In most cases, the flu is mild but unpleasant. If the flu symptoms get worse, it can lead to serious complications. Below are the ones that are most susceptible to the severe consequences of the flu and flu complications:
- If you are an elderly person (over 50 years of age)
- If you have a new-born baby or toddler
- If you are pregnant
- If you suffer from heart or cardiovascular disease
- If you suffer from asthma or bronchitis
- If you suffer from kidney disease
- If you have diabetes
- If you use steroids
- If you are undergoing treatment for cancer
- If you have anaemia
- If you are HIV positive
- And last but not least, if your immune system is bad
How can you reduce your chance of getting the flu or spreading it?
You can make an active effort to reduce the chances of getting the flu significantly, and if you do get it, that effort should help reduce its vulnerability. Here are the main things you can do.
- To maintain a healthy body and immune system-
- Get plenty of sleep and rest — 7-8 hours is recommended.
- Get your physical exercise, especially aerobic exercise, which will build immunity and help reduce stress.
- Take action to manage stress in your life. Changing the way you look at yourself and your situation will often help. Contemplative physical activities (yoga, for example) can help with prayer, meditation, and exercise.
- Eat a healthy diet with plenty of vegetables and fruits.
- An average, healthy adult needs eight ounces (2 quarts) of glass fluid per day, so drink enough water and other fluids.
- Follow the diet as advised by your doctor, but most individuals contain multi-vitamin and mineral complexes and other vitamins such as vitamins C, D, and E.\
2. Get your flu shot.
The American Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends an annual flu vaccine as the first and most important step in preventing the spread of the flu virus. Despite the many strains of the flu virus, the usual flu vaccine protects against the three selected strains that are most preferred in the upcoming season.
3. Use preventive cleaning to stop the spread of the virus.
When you cough or sneeze, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue. Dispose of the tissue properly after you have used it. Wash your hands with soap and water, especially after touching a contaminated surface. One option is an alcohol-based hand rub, which is now widely available in public places. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth and avoid close contact with people who show flu-like symptoms.
In your home and workplace, make sure frequently touched objects and surfaces, such as doorknobs, keyboards, and phones, are frequently cleaned to remove contamination. Also, make sure your workplace or your children’s school has an adequate supply of the right amount of tissue, soap, paper towels, alcohol-based hand rubs, and disposable wipes.
Basic tips which you must remember when infected with the flu
When you are infected with the flu, you need to take extra special care of yourself along with the flu treatment. We all know that the flu is caused by a virus, so antibiotics will not help us to get rid of viral infections. If you have a headache, body aches or muscle aches, you can take painkillers, which may give you some relief.
Here are some basic things to do when you have the flu:
- You should stay home until you are completely healed
- Avoid contact with anyone
- Get plenty of rest
- Cover and keep yourself warm
- Drink plenty of fluids like water, chicken broth and other liquids
- Avoid alcohol
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid tobacco
- Eat light food
- Wash your hands at least three times a day
- Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer to get rid of germs
- Take a sauna or hot bath
- Wear a flu mask to protect yourself from getting the flu or to spread the virus to others when you are sick
We are all susceptible to the flu. With careful planning and with the following recommendations, you can reduce the chances of getting the flu and reduce its effects even if it is reduced. Follow the guidance summarized in this article and you should be at least one step ahead of the flu. And, you can help reduce the severity or effects of any flu outbreak.
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